Organ transplantation is one of the major improvements in modern medicine. Organ transplantation is often the only treatment for final stage organ failure, such as liver and heart failure. The procurement of organs for transplantation involves the removal of organs from the bodies of deceased persons or brain dead person. This removal must follow legal requirements, including the definition of death and consent as transplantation raises a number of bioethical issues.
The major organ transplantations are listed below: