Petr Nemec was born in Prague, Czech Republic. In 1999, he received his PhD in the field of quantum optics and optoelectronics at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Czech Republic. In 2001 and 2002 he stayed as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Toronto, Canada where he started to work in the field of spintronics. Since 2002 he is working at Charles University where he was appointed professor in 2015. Since 2005 he closely collaborated with prof. Tomas Jungwirth, who is a head of the Department of Spintronics and Nanoelectronics of the Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, the Czech Republic, with whom he established a joined Laboratory of OptoSpintronics in 2011. He is a co-author of 102 papers in international peer-reviewed journals. His recent activities include a demonstration of spin Hall effect transistor (Science 2010), observation of optical transfer torque (Nature Physics 2012) and spin-orbit torque (Nature Photon. 2013), determination of intrinsic material properties of (Ga, Mn)As by optical ferromagnetic resonance technique (Nature Commun. 2013), multiple-stable AMR in antiferromagnetMnTe (Nature Commun.2016), helicity-dependent domain wall movement in (Ga, Mn)As (Nature Commun. 2017), optical detection of Neel vector in CuMnAs (Nature Photon. 2017), ps-pulse switching in CuMnAs (Science Adv. 2018), review about optical techniques applicable for research of antiferromagnets (Nature Phys. 2018), thermo-electrical imaging of magnetic domains in the non-collinear antiferromagnet Mn3Sn (Nature Commun. 2019), and resistive switching in CuMnAs memory device by a single femtosecond laser pulse (Nature Electron. 2021).