Dr Martins completed his undergraduate Science degree at the University of Western Australia in 1984, then completing a MSc in Clinical Biochemistry in 1986. In 1987 he commenced a Ph D studying the role of high density lipoprotein (HDL) in diabetes (Hackett Scholarship). The publications between 1988-2000 have shown that he has made a valuable and solid contribution to the field of atherosclerosis and heart disease. His work has concentrated on understanding the role of dietary cholesterol rich particles and the subsequent clearance and metabolism from the blood plasma and their potential risk for the development of heart disease. These research studies have shown that the type of dietary fat and increased consumption are important risk factors for heart disease.