Laparoscopic surgery is a specific technique for performing surgery was commonly used for gall bladder surgery and for gynecologic surgery with the aid of a tiny camera. The use of this technique has expanded into intestinal surgery in last 10 years. In traditional “open” surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery uses several 0.5-1cm incisions. Each incision is called a “port” and at each port a tubular instrument known as a trocar is inserted. Specialized instruments and a special camera (laparoscope) are passed through the trocars during the procedure. At first the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to provide a working and viewing space for the surgeon in this procedure. The laparoscopic camera transmits images or videos from the abdominal cavity to high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. Throughout the operation the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor. This system permits the surgeon to achieve the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions.
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