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Steven T. Leung graduated with the M.B.B.S. degree in 2013 from the University of Queensland, Australia. Since then, he has completed his internship in general surgery at the Mayo Clinic, and his PGY-2 year at the University of Florida. He is currently a Research Fellow with the Department of Surgery at Wake Forest Baptist Health. He plans to complete his residency in general surgery, and pursue a fellowship in cardiothoracic surgery.


Background: Differences in opinion to treatment of tricuspid regurgitation secondary to mitral regurgitation exist. This study compares the mortality and morbidity of concomitant mitral and tricuspid valve operations to mitral valve operations alone. Methods: Between 2004 to 2012, 153 mitral valve operations were performed. In this group, 130 patients (age, 58.2 +- 13.6) underwent mitral valve repair only, and 23 patients (age, 70.6 +- 7.7) underwent joint mitral and tricuspid valve repairs. The results between these two groups were compared using Pearson’s chi-square and propensity score analyses. Results: Patients undergoing combined valve operations were more elderly (ages 58.2 vs. 70.6 , p<0.001), and more commonly female (73.9% vs. 44.6%, p=0.010). When performing Pearson chi-squared test, the combined valvular operation group had a similar operative mortality (0.0% vs. 1.5%, higher incidence of prolonged ventilation (30.4% vs. 11.5%, p = 0.017), and higher postoperative length of stay (9.7 days vs. 6.4 days, p = 0.039). On the contrary, there were no statistically significant differences in major complications rate (43.5% vs. 16.2%, p = 0.103) or aortic cross-clamp time (114.9 min vs. 119.7 min, p = 0.566) between the two groups. However, due to the disparity between our two groups, propensity score analyses were also performed, which did not demonstrate any differences between outcomes measured in this study. Conclusions: The postoperative mortality and morbidity is similar between patients undergoing mitral valve repair only and patients undergoing mitral and tricuspid valve repairs. Given the decreased quality of life from progressing tricuspid regurgitation and similar postoperative mortality and morbidity rates, a concomitant valvular procedure is a reasonable approach for selected patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation secondary to mitral valve pathology.

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Delegates are personally responsible for their belongings at the venue. The Organizers will not be held responsible for any stolen or missing items belonging to Delegates, Speakers or Attendees; due to any reason whatsoever.


Registration fees do not include insurance of any kind.


Please note that any (or) all transportation and parking is the responsibility of the registrant.


Press permission must be obtained from allied academies Conferences Organizing Committee prior to the event. The press will not quote speakers or delegates unless they have obtained their approval in writing. The allied academies  is an objective third-party nonprofit organization. This conference is not associated with any commercial meeting company.

Requesting an Invitation Letter

For security purposes, letter of invitation will be sent only to those individuals who had registered for the conference. Once your registration is complete, please contact to request a personalized letter of invitation.

Regarding refunds, all bank charges will be for the registrants account.

Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

Cancellation Policy

If an allied academy cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another allied academies event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.


If allied academies   postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another e allied academies event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.


Transfer of registration

All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied academies. if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.

The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.

Visa Information

Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy:

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-

·         Before 60 days of the conference: Eligible for Full Refund less $100 service Fee

·         Within 60-30 days of Conference: Eligible for 50% of payment Refund

·         Within 30 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund

·         E-Poster Payments will not be refunded

Accommodation Cancellation Policy:

Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied academies will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.

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