Otorhinolaryngology is a surgical subspecialty in medicine that contracts with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat and connected structures of the neck and head. Oto means ears, rhino denotes nose, and larynx direct as throat, denoting the larynx includes surgical intervention for operations and illnesses in the head and neck regions. The operations to the ears, nose, and throat, in the head and neck region are to treat atypical defects. To correct hearing impairment defects such procedures contain stapedectomy, technique which removes all or part of a bone in the middle ear. Tympanoplasty is rebuilding of the ear drum. Cochlear implants defined as establishment of a device to motivate nerve ends within the inner portion of the ear to permit hearing.