Terry Ann Else obtained her PhD at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in 2002. She is an Associate Professor at Touro University Nevada teaching medical microbiology/immunology to medical and graduate level students since 2004. She is board certified as a Clinical Laboratory Scientist. Her research interests include bacteriophage therapy research studying the pathogens, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, in collaboration with Associate Professor Karen Duus, PhD also at Touro University Nevada. Terry Ann Else has been active in the American Society for Microbiology and served as regional planning coordinator for local ASM branches in the southwestern US and Hawaii.