Paul has been active in heavy oil conversion processes at Shell in design, process, and refinery operations and at Akzo Nobel in marketing and research management of refining catalysts. He championed several breakthrough innovations in the application, testing, manufacturing and commercialization of Fluid Catalytic Cracking Catalysts, leading multi functional and cultural teams including joint venture partners FCC SA and PETROBRAS. After the acquisition of Akzo Nobel Catalysts by Albemarle, Paul led the long-term development strategy for the Refining Catalysts group and focused on the business development for new catalytic applications. Paul is an author and co-author of several publications on heavy oil conversion and biomass processes. He holds a significant number of patents in the area of catalysis, catalytic processing, biomass conversion, solar conversion and the synthesis and application of advanced materials.