The International Conference on ocular ophthalmology and eye care which is going to be held during
September 03-04, 2018 at Lisbon,Portugal.which brings
together a unique and international mix of large and medium pharmaceutical,biotech and diagnostic companies,making the conference a perfect platform to
share experience,foster collaborations across industry and academia,and
evaluate emerging technologies across the globe.Eye care 2018 maximizes the
opportunity to interact with and learn from your peers from across the country
and across the globe it held with the discussions on retina and retinal disorders,Cornea and External Eye Disease Neuro-Ophthalmology,Glaucoma:Visual Field Loss,Ocular Microbiology and Immunology,Novel
Approaches to Ophthalmology Therapeutics and many more.Ophthalmology is a
stream of medicine dealing with eye and visual system.Ophthalmology completely
relates to both internal visual system and external parts such eye ball,eye lid,eye lashes and tear formation.Treatments include right from
external eye care to using medical ,surgical and rehabilitate methods to treat
various eye related problems.Many specialists such as Ophthalmologists,Optometrists,Vision Specialists working on various
aspects to eradicate blindness.To have blind free world, it is very important
for the clinicians and researchers to meet and discuss about the various aspects
to bring research into clinical practice.Also certain diagnosis concerns can
be dealt with finding novel solution through research.Ophthalmology conferences are being conducted to bring the researchers and
clinicians together and have a beneficial discussion and make the world blind
free.Retinal disorders,optic atrophy,and lesions of the higher
visual pathways are the main anatomical causes of visual loss in children.WHO
reports that,285 million people are estimated to be visually impaired worldwide:39 million are blind and 246 have low vision.About 90% of the world’s visually
impaired live in low-income settings 82% of people living with blindness are
aged 50 and above.Globally,uncorrected refractive errors are the main cause
of moderate and severe visual impairment; cataracts remain the leading cause of blindness in middle- and low-income countries.
Market Analysis Report:-
As a result of speedy growth in world population, patients with eye diseases and patients with cataract,glaucoma is increasing every year thus stabilizing the ophthalmology market which experienced a downfall in the year 2008-2009.According to a survey, the total world population suffering blindness because of cataract and glaucoma are 48% and 60 million respectively.By the end of the year 2020,it is predicted that people suffering from glaucoma will be 80 million.According to the World Health Organization(WHO) estimated population to be suffering from visual impairment worldwide is 253 million of which 36 million are blind and 217 million people have moderate to severe vision impairment.Approximately 81% of people aged 50 years and above are suffering from blindness or moderate to severe vision impairment.80% of all vision impairment cases can be prevented or cured.The field of ophthalmology is experiencing an increased use of robotic systems.Robot-assisted surgeries provide an advantage to surgeons like to perform complex surgeries with increased precision,the amplified scale of motion, decreased tremor,flexibility and task automation.The analyst predicts during the period 2018-2022 the ophthalmology device market will grow to USD 84.16 billion.The largest region of ophthalmic devices is in Asia-Pacific with a share of 33%.North America stands as the second largest region with a market share of 29%.The smallest region was Africa with a market share of 3%.According to a study in 2011, the worldwide ophthalmic market was $17.5 billion and is expected to grow by the year 2023 to $34.7 billion,thus indicating a 5.9% of compound annual growth rate.Ophthalmic product market crosses USD 22 billion worldwide and is growing at a rate more than 10% per year.The inclusion of ophthalmic products, eye care products the market is USD 17 billion.
1: Eye development biology
The major sensory organs of the head develop from the interactions of the neural tube with a series of epidermal thickenings called the cranial epidermal places.The most anterior of these are the two olfactory places that form the ganglia for the olfactory nerves,which are responsible for the sense of smell.The auditory places similarly invigilate to form the inner ear labyrinth,whose neurons form the acoustic ganglion, which enables us to hear.In this section,we will focus on the eye.The middle portion of the optic cup develops into the ciliary body and iris.During the invagination of the optic cup,the ectoderm begins to thicken and form the lens placed,which eventually separates from the ectoderm to form the lens vesicle at the open end of the optic cup.Further differentiation and mechanical rearrangement of cells in and around the optic cup gives rise to the fully developed eye.
- Eye anatomy
- Refractive power of eye
- Physiology of vitreous humor
- Tear physiology
2: Segments of eye
- Route of administration
Eyes are sense organs of the visual arrangement of the body.They identify light and change over it into electro-concoction driving forces in neurons.Eye development is initiated by the master control gene Pax-6,a home box gene with known homologous in humans,mice (small eye),and Drosophila (eyeless).The Pax-6 gene locus is a transcription factor for the various genes and growth factors involved in eye formation.These two grooves in the neural folds transform into optic vesicles with the closure of the neural tube.The optic vesicles then develop into the optic cup with the inner layer forming the retina and the outer portion forming the retinal pigment epithelium.In higher living beings,the encompassing condition, manages its force through a diaphragm, centers it through a movable get together of focal points to shape a picture, changes over this picture into an arrangement of electrical flags,and transmits these signs to the cerebrum through complex neural pathways that interface the eye by means of the optics nerve to the visual cortex and different zones of the mind.The distinctive structures add to the eye's capacity to center and shape an immaculate vision.
techniques and treatments
- Ocular drug
- 3: Retina
The retina is the third and inner coat of the eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue.The optics of the eye create an image of the visual world on the retina (through the cornea and lens),which serves much the same function as the film in a camera.Light striking the retina initiates a cascade of chemical and electrical events that ultimately trigger nerve impluses.These are sent to various visual centres of the brain through the fibres of the optic nerve.Neural retina typically refers to three layers of neural cells (photo receptor cells,bipolar cells,and ganglion cells) within the retina,while the entire retina refers to these three layers plus a layer of pigmented epithelial cells.
- Cancers affecting retina
- Cone-rod dystrophy
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Age related macular degeneration
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness.It is a condition that cause group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.The most common type is closed angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain.Closed angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly may involve severe eye pain,blurred vision,mid-dilated pupil,redness of the eye and nausea.Vision loss from glaucoma once it occurred is permanent.Variations of OAG are primary open angle glaucoma (POAG),normal tension glaucoma(NTG),pigmentary glaucoma,psuedoexofoliation glaucoma,secondary glaucoma and congenital glaucoma.Variations of closed angle glaucoma are acute angle closure glaucoma.Most of the people not knowing that they have glaucoma.It has no early symptoms or pain.According to the American academy of ophthalmology,glaucoma affects 2.2million people in the united states,and the number is increase to 3.3 million by 2020 as the US population ages.
- Neuroprotective strategies
- Plateau iris syndrome
- Tube shunt sugery
- MICS in glaucoma: are they really effective?
- Glaucoma diagnosis using spectral domain OCT
Hyperopia is the therapeutic term for the regular eye condition known as far farsightedness.The individuals who manage hyperopia experience issues seeing things that are close to them,yet have better vision for objects that are far away.The real farsightedness related with hyperopia comes from a refractive error in the eye.In a solid eye,the focal point and cornea twist light equally,giving clear vision.This is known as refraction.When experiencing hyperopia, be that as it may, the focal point or cornea is strange or inadequately bended, prompting diminished vision quality.For the vast majority,the reason for hyperopia is hereditary-the condition is typically acquired.Logically,it is not as of now known why a few families experience the ill effects of far farsightedness and others don't.
- Blurry vision
- Eye strain
- 6: Ocular oncology
- Itching and burning
Just like in other parts of the body,eyes as well, can create tumors.The tumors might be benevolent or harmful,that is,they may remain limited in the eye,or spread outside.Eye tumors can undermine the visual perception,and even have genuine impact on well being and life.visual oncology is the claim to fame managing eye tumors.Tumors can emerge in any piece of the eye.Some eye tumors can be very genuine,while others require no treatment.Ophthalmologists at Mass.Eye and Ear are exceptionally comfortable with tumors all through the eye.Most eye tumors are effortlessly noticeable changes.They can be distinguished and perceived at a beginning time.Treatment can be begun early,and spare the eye and life of the patient.
- Uveal melanoma
- Orbital tumors and inflammation
- Retinoblastoma track
- Uveal tumors
- 7 : Retinal and eye disorders
The retina is a very thin layer of tissue within back mass of your eye.Retina & Eye contains a huge number of light-touchy cells and other nerve cells that get and sort out visual data.Your retina sends this data to your cerebrum through your optic nerve,empowering you to see.Retinal degenerative issue,for example,Age-related macular degeneration and myopic macular degeneration influencing youthful and old from numerous societies,races and ethnicities.The focal territory of the retina contains a high thickness of shading delicate photoreceptor cells called cones which are in charge of shading vision and subsequently any deformity and modification in the focal zone of the retina will prompt Color vision imperfections.Many eye diseases have no early symptoms.They may be painless,and you may see no change in your vision until the disease has become quite advanced.List of some eye disorders:Age-Related Macular Degeneration.Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the physical disturbance of the center of the retina called the macula.
- Cataracts in Babies
- CMV Retinitis
- Color Blindness
- Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
A contact lens,or essentially contact,is a thin lens put specifically on the surface of the eye.contact lenses are viewed as restorative gadgets and can be worn to adjust vision,or for corrective or helpful reasons.The span of the contact lens advertise is probably going to become because of the expanding event of eye-related conditions,for example,astigmatism,hypermetropia and near nearsightedness.Alternate drivers are expanding populace,the want to put forth design expressions,and innovative progression.Individuals wear contact lenses for some reason.Esthetics and beauty care products are the fundamental persuading factors for individuals who need to abstain from wearing glasses or to change the presence of their eyes.Others wear contact lenses for useful or optical reasons.At the point when contrasted and exhibitions,contact lenses regularly give better fringe vision,and don't gather dampness(from rain, snow, buildup and so on.)or sweat.This can make them ideal for sports and other outside exercises.Contact lens wearers can likewise wear shades,goggles,or other eyewear of their decision without fitting them with solution lenses or stress over similarity with glasses.Furthermore,there are conditions,for example,keratoconus and aniseikonia that are normally redressed preferred with contact lenses over with glasses.
- Daily-wear soft lenses
- Extended-wear disposable
- Torric lens
- Bifocal or multifocal contact
- Colored contact lenses
Session 9: Orthokeratology and orthoptics
- Related Conference of Co
Orthokeratology and orthoptics is a procedure that utilizations exceptionally planned GP contact lenses to briefly reshape the shape of the cornea to diminish astigmatism (partial blindness).Orthokeratology is nicknamed"ortho-k"and some of the time called corneal reshaping (CR),corneal refractive treatment or vision molding.Some new ortho-k lens plans are likewise accessible for farsightedness and presbyopia.Research has likewise shown that orthokeratology lens outlines moderate the movement of myopia.Orthokeratology lenses are worn daily,or on substitute evenings,and evacuated in the morning.The point is to revise vision without the requirement for scenes or contact lenses amid the day.Since the consequences for the state of the eye are transitory,the eyes come back to their unique shape and remedy if the lenses are left off for a couple of days.Orthoptics is a calling associated to eye care profession whose essential accentuation is the determination and non-surgical administration of strabismus (meandering eye),amblyopia (sluggish eye) and eye development issue.orthoptist are prepared experts who represent considerable authority in orthoptic treatment.With particular preparing,in a few nations orthoptists might be associated with checking of a few types of eye illness,for example,glaucoma,waterfall screening and diabetic retinopath.
Session- 10: Vision
Vision screening is an efficient and profitable method used to identify children with visual impairment or eye conditions that are lead to vision loss. vision screeing is new efficient and cost effective than a complete examination on every child.About 2 to 4% of children have an eye problem that requires treatment,so it is not practical to perform a comprehensive eye examination on every child.Some difficulties are missed on a one-time comprehensive eye examination,so it is preferable to have several screeings performed over time.A new report published in the Journal of the American Association for pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) describes the effectiveness of a new computer-based vision-screening test,the Jaeb Visual Acuity Screener (JVAS).It is right for use in schools and pediatrician’s offices.
- Cover testing
- Visual acuity testing
- Visually impaired programs
- Therapeutic Optometry
Session-11: Effects of
- Photo screening
There are numerous different causes that may happen at different areas
in the optic pathway.Some eye issues are minor and don't keep going long.
Be that as it may,some can prompt a perpetual loss of vision.
- Ophthalmic genetic disorders
- Refractive errors and disorders
- Pediatric optometry
- Eye injury
- Ocular allergies
- Eye cancers
- Ocular toxicology
-12 : Effects of other dieseases on eye
- Didactic eye diseases
Basic neurologic issue have visual indications influencing vision,including dry eye and agonizing eye development.Neurological scatters particular to the eye incorporate optic neuritis, ischemic optic neuropathy and essential glaucomatous optic nerve malady,while foundational neurologic ailments, for example,Parkinson's and Alzheimer sicknesses have visual appearances identified with crumbling of the cerebrum.Patients after stroke additionally regularly have visual issues coming from neurologic harm.Graves' eye illness, otherwise called thyroid eye malady,is an immune system condition in which insusceptible cells assault the thyroid organ which reacts by emitting an overabundance measure of thyroid hormone. Subsequently,the thyroid organ develops and overabundance hormones increment digestion.
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Cardiovascular diesease
- Grave's diesease
Session- 13:Keratinised keratconus
- Addision's diesease
Keratitis is an aggravation or disturbance of the cornea (the straightforward layer covering the iris and understudy) described by normal indications of red eye,remote body sensation,torment,affectability to light,watery eyes,and obscured vision.There are different sorts of keratitis, yet most usually it happens after damage to the cornea, dryness or irritation of the visual surface or contact focal point wear.The most well-known irresistible reason is herpes simplex infection sort 1,yet it can likewise be because of varicella zoster,which is the reactivation of chicken pox infection; and the adenoviruses that reason upper respiratory diseases.Less generally,microrganisms,parasites,growths and vitamin A lack can cause keratitis Keratoconus is an eye ailment that influences the structure of the cornea,the reasonable front piece of the eye,which normally diminishes and swells into an unpredictable,cone shape,bringing about vision misfortune.Keratoconus more often than not starts at adolescence and advances into the mid-thirties,with most punctual indications being a slight obscuring of vision or logically poor vision that is not effectively redressed
- Vision loss
- Corneal scarring
Session-14:Advanced eye care
- Lack of vitaminA
Besides other landmark and breakthrough miracles of human inventions,medical science has also come a very long way.Development of modern instruments,up gradation of the entire treatment procedures and life supporting aids towards the patients,it has indeed helped man to increase his average life span on earth.One of the most vital organs as well as one of the sense organs of human being eyes,are an indispensable part of our lives.Any visual problem with age or congenitally makes life difficult.But with time,cure for blindness,improved vision during old age,fast relief and cure from various critical eye infections have become easier and much more easily available to the global citizens.
- Stem cell therapy
- Pterigiyum surgeries
- Conjunctival auto grafting
- Wave front analysis
- Diode laser
Session-15:- Diagnosis and
treatment of eye cancer
- Femtosecond laser
Eye cancer is a term used to define many types of tumors that can occurs in various parts of the eye.Eye cancer occurs when healthy cells in or around the eye change and grow uncontrollably,forming a mass called a tumor.High-throughput sequencing is helping to deeply understand the cancer genome,and the mechanisms that cause tumor progression and affect treatment response.The NGS(Next Generation Sequencing) technology is used for tumor profiling and assess signalling pathways within the tumor.The gene changes that make eye cancer cells, are different from normal cells and play an important role in treating eye melanomas,lymphomas, and other eye cancers in the future.There are different types of biological therapies to extravagance eye cancers.The NITRO trial a type of biological therapy called ranibizumab for uveal melanoma. Ranibizumab is a monoclonal antibody. It works as targeting a protein on the cancer cell called vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF).
- Genetic engineering
- r DNA technology
16: Eye care serivces
- Fluorescein angiography
Eye Health offers an assortment of eye care administrations,including eye exams,eyeglasses,contact focal points,and ophthalmology.Benefits additionally are accessible to general society.Propelled Eye Care offers a full assortment of ophthalmic demonstrative and treatment administrations.Eye administrations consider in the discovery and treatment of many eye issue incorporate cataract,glaucoma,macular degeneration and dry eye disorder,and in addition iLasik surgery.Propelled Eye Associates give far reaching eye exams to grown-ups and youngsters,co-administration of laser vision adjustment surgery,obliging for eye crises and the sky is the limit from there.
- Vision Science Specialists
- Vision rehabilitation providers
Session-17:- Eye drop and oral medication
- Visually impaired program
Eye care Medications are in the form of an eye drop or an ointment.Eye drops are most common but ointments last longer and provide more lubrication or easy to administer in some cases. Eye drops are saline-containing drops used as an ocular route to control.The condition being teated, that contains steroids, antihistamines, sympathomimetics, parasympatholytics, betareceptorblockers,parasympathomimetics,prostaglandins, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, antifungal, or topical anesthetics. Sometimes they do not have medications and only lubricating and tear-replacing resolutions.Eye drops have less risk of side effects than oral medicines, and such risk can be reduced by occluding the lacrimal punctum,for a short while after instilling drops.
18: Techniques used to detect eye problem
There are different strategies used to analyzed eye maladies, for example, Magnetic reverberation imaging (MRI),Ultrasonography and Ultrasound imaging.The eye is inspected by ultrasonography. Ultrasonography can be utilized to control the way of irregular structures,for example,a tumor, inside the eye,or retinal separation.It can likewise be utilized to analyze veins providing the eye and decide the width of the cornea (pachymetry).The imaging strategies like Computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) used to give data about the structures inside the eye and the hard structure that encompasses the eye (the circle).Ultrasound imaging, additionally called ultrasound checking or sonography, utilizes high-recurrence sound waves to acquire pictures inside the body. Neurography investigates blood stream in the mind and examine stroke,cerebrum tumors,hydrocephalus and vascular issues.
- Computed tomography
- Magnetic resonance imaging
19: Optical engineering
Optical engineering uses classical optics techniques to create novel devices and instrumentation, and the College of Optical Sciences leads the field in designing and fabricating highly specialized optics.OSC maintains state-of-the-art facilities and a superb technical staff for grinding,polishing, measuring and aligning the world’s most challenging mirrors-including those for astronomical telescopes.Students work side-by-side with experienced professionals on extensive,distinctive projects like the giant magellan telescope,the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and OSIRIS-REX,an unmanned space probe that will launch in 2016,land on an asteroid and return to Earth with a material sample.
- Giant magellan telescope
- Large synoptic telescope
- astronomical telescopes
Visual optics is the investigation of how the optics of the eye frames a picture that is then distinguished and deciphered by the retina and the mind. The field has propelled quick amid the most recent decades because of the appearance of wavefront detecting and versatile optics adjustment.The visual optics aggregate at KTH assumes a focal part in building up these strategies for the off-pivot optical blunders of the human eye and for psychophysical assessment of the fringe visual capacity.Aside from essential research,fringe optical mistakes are of enthusiasm for two applications.To start with,the adjustment of fringe blunders can be of awesome significance for individuals with focal visual field misfortune, caused by,e.g,macular degeneration.We have discovered enhancements of up to two lines while furnishing this gathering with the best possible exhibition remedy.Second,there are signs that the picture quality on the fringe retina is one of the elements that control the development of the eye and in this manner the movement of myopia
- Wavefront sensing
- Basic visual optics and
- Local evaluation of non-imaging
- Pupil Size and Dark Adaptation
- Transmission and Reflectance
- Surgical Correction of
21 :-Traditional/herbal treatment
- Paraxial Schematic Eye
Ayurvedic herbal medicine physicians recognize three major physiological (body) types.The three types, or Doshas, are the Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The body type is determined by heredity and is often referred to as Prakriti.Physicians will often interview,observe, and use a technique called pulse diagnoses to determine a patient’s body type,which is often a combination;such as Vata/Pitta.After determining body type,the physician will determine any imbalances and what approaches may be needed to bring balance.This is often done through herbal supplementation or dietary changes.Other treatments may include hatha yoga, acupuncture, massage therapies, aromatherapy,and music therapy.The use of natural remedies and herbal treatments produces little or no side effects,commonly seen with pharmaceutical interventions.The prevention approach also reduces the need for many different treatments to offset the effects of drugs used to combat a particular illness or disorder.The natural approach to health and wellness is becoming much more popular,in lieu of drug therapies and surgery.
- hatha yoga
career and training
- Massage therapy
Ophthalmologists are doctors who spend significant time in treating and diagnosing sicknesses of the eye.Such issues can incorporate maladies like cataracts or glaucoma wounds; and issues with vision, similar to farsightedness.American Academy of Ophthalmology have renowned and expertise ophthalmologists have more particular preparing in the eye than family specialists and,in opposition to optometrists,have finished therapeutic school and know about general medication and surgery.On account of this preparation,ophthalmologists regularly get referrals of patients with genuine eye issue from optometrists and family doctors.Coursework in a therapeutic school program incorporates general well being concentrates, for example,life structures and physiology.To motivate the forthcoming ophthalmologists cataract2018 has an exceptional session on ophthalmologists' vocation and preparing.
Myopia is the medicinal term for the condition known as nearsightedness.As the name infers,individuals who are near sighted can undoubtedly observe objects that are close to them,however battle with objects that are far away.myopia influences individuals from all kinds of different backgrounds and of any age.Nearsightedness itself is caused by a refractive error in the eyes.This alludes to the refraction of light that is the foundation of sound vision.For a situation of myopia,the light that would ordinarily be centered around the retina specifically, rather arrives in front it.It isn't at present known why a few people create myopia and others don't.Be that as it may,certain hazard factors increment a man's likeliness of being partially near sighted.
- Contact lenses
- Refractive surgery
- Excimer laser
- Implantable lenses