Allied Academies extend its welcome to 26th Nursing & Healthcare Conference during August 23-24, 2017 at San Francisco, USA with a theme “Current Challenges and Innovations in Nursing and Healthcare”.
Allied academies Organizes 1000+ Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 and more scientific societies and Publishes 700+ Open access journals which contains over 100000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Scope and Importance:
26th Nursing & Healthcare Conference is a unique forum to bring together worldwide distinguished academics in the field of nursing and healthcare, public health professionals, nurse educators, researchers, nurse managers, physicians, pediatricians and healthcare professionals , provides the ideal environment to disseminate and gain current knowledge in the area of Nursing and Healthcare. Nurses and other healthcare professionals will have the opportunity to network with colleagues and exhibitors; discuss best practice research, safety-related outcomes, competencies, and challenges.
This is an excellent opportunity to share your best practice initiative, research project, or provide continuing education as it relates current issues. The conference offers participants breakout sessions highlighting clinical projects, education, and research studies. Nursing is among the fastest-growing fields, and it has a robust job market, which makes it very attractive to people in search of a new or first career.
Nursing conference 2017 aims to discover advances in health practice, management and education in relation to health disparities as well as a breadth of other topics. According to the reports, total spending on health care of Canada in 2013 amounted to an estimated $206 billion, or 11.3 percent. Health care’s share of GDP is expected to increase marginally by 2018, to 11.6 percent. Provincial and territorial governments are forecast to spend $135 billion in 2012, accounting for 65% of total health expenditure in the country.
Who can attend??
Nursing conference 2017 brings together individuals who have an interest in different fields of nursing like psychiatric, cancer, cardiac, critical care, adult & women health, legal, Pediatric and emergency nursing, midwifery, public health, healthcare and medicine from practice, research, administration, policy and education. It is a forum to explore issues of mutual concern as well as exchange knowledge, share evidence, ideas, and generate solutions. Leading world doctors, Registered nurses, Professors, Research fellows, Advanced Practice Nurses, Physician Assistants, Pharmacists, Physicians, and Professionals are seeking updated information and are providing utmost care to patients by primary, ambulatory and urgent care settings. Staff Nurses, Nurse Manager, Educator/Instructor Societies, Universities, companies, medical research institutions and hospitals are sharing their novel researches in the arena of Nursing, Healthcare & Medicine.
Allied Academies invites Nursing Conference 2017 all participants across the
world to join "26th Nursing & Healthcare Conference" which is going to be held during August 23-24, 2017 at San -Francisco, USA. Nursing Conference is a trending event which
brings together efficient international academic scientists, young researchers,
and students making the congress a perfect platform to share experience, gain
and evaluate emerging technologies in Nursing and Healthcare across
the globe. Initiation of cross-border co-operations between scientists and
institutions will be also facilitated. The Main theme of the Conference is
“Current Challenges and Innovations in Nursing and Healthcare”.
Why to attend??
1. Best platform to develop new partnership & collaborations.
2. Best location to speed up your route into every territory in the World.
3. 89% of our conference attendees are the Key contacts in their labs purchasing decisions.
4. Our exhibitor booths were visited 4-5 times by 80% of the attendees during the conference.
5. Past exhibitor’s feedback reveals ample of enquiries perceived from the conference attendees.
6. Network development with both Academia and Business.
Leading world Doctors, Registered Nurses, Professors, Research fellows and many more from leading universities, companies and medical research institutions, hospitals sharing their novel researches in the arena of Nursing, Healthcare & Medicine.
Allied Academies invites Nursing Conference 2017 all participants across the world to join "26th Nursing & Healthcare Conference" which is going to be held during August 23-24, 2017 at San Francisco, USA
According to the reports, total spending on health care of USA in 2013 was estimated to be $206 billion, or 11.3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). Spending is forecast to rise by an average of 4.5 percent a year in 2014-2018, to $464.3 billion. Health care’s share of GDP is expected to increase marginally by 2018, to 11.6 percent. Provincial and territorial governments are forecast to spend $135 billion in 2012, accounting for 65% of total health expenditure in the country.
San Francisco has 97 universities and 162
hospitals, hospitals represent 30% of the total dollars spent on health. In
2013, spending in this category is expected to grow by 2.6% to reach $62.2
For more details please click here
Importance & Scope:
Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, through the diagnosis and treatment of humans. NursingConference aims to discover advances in health practice, management and education in relation to health disparities as well as a breadth of other topics. The conference will facilitate a series of discussions about state-of-the-art processes, organizational transitions, analytic, and technology innovation within the health industry and academia, regarding transformational care delivery and health management models.
Highlights of conference:
· NursingEducation,NursingManagement,CancerandTumorNursing,CriticalcareandEmergencyNursing,CardiovascularNursing,NursingInformatics,AdvancedNursing,InternationalNursing,DisasterNursing, PublicHealthNursing, PediatricNursing, DentalNursing, DisasterNursing, Gerontological Nursing,Clinical Nursing, Legal Nursing and Practitioner,Midwifery Nursing, Surgical Nursing, Women health Nursing,Risk Factors in Nursing and Healthcare Professionals,Nursing Practice, Nursing Management.
Why to Attend??
A Nursing Conference is an opportunity to meet others within specialty to network and to learn the latest clinical information. It is an opportunity no nurse should overlook. I’ve always embraced the opportunity to attend nursing conferences and have made a point to encourage others to attend whenever the opportunity arises. Nursing conferences allow nurses of all levels of experience to participate in an area of career and education growth that is not easily found within the structure of the workplace. Some nurses, especially those working at the bedside, may not see the significance of attending a conference. All too often the floor/ bedside nurse believes that conferences are only for management, while others may think that spending one or more days not earning a pay cheque may not outweigh the opportunity to clock in some additional overtime. There may be a whole host of other reasons why a nurse would prefer to remain home rather than attending a conference. Despite the plentiful excuses (the top two being cost and time), the benefits far outweigh the costs.
Leading world Doctors, registered Nurses, Professors, Research fellows and many more from leading universities, companies and medical research institutions, hospitals sharing their novel researches in the arena of Nursing, Healthcare & Medicine.
Number of Registered Nurses:
San Francisco- 3600
There are about 3, 60,000 professionally activated nurses in USA, In San Francisco there are 3600 registered nurses.
· Major Nursing associations in North America:
of Registered Nurses of British Columbia,Society
of Pediatric Nurses,Canadian
Federation of Mental Health Nurses,Maryland
Board of Nursing Nursing
Organization of Veterans Affairs,
Council of State Boards of Nursing,Canadian
Holistic Nurses Association.
There are 385 Nursing universities in USA.
Hospitals in San Francisco:
San Francisco has 97 universities and 162 hospitals, hospitals represent 30% of the total dollars spent on health. In 2013, spending in this category is expected to grow by 2.6% to reach $62.2 billion. San Francisco contains 128,277 healthcare professionals as Canada’s supply of doctors, nurses, hospital beds, and acute care beds is quite low relative to the size of its population compared with other OECD economies. There were 1.9 doctors per 1,000 population in 2011 and 2.1 hospital beds for the same population size.
Tracks / sessions
Track 1: Cancer and Tumor Nursing
Essential care and malignancy nursing is a care conveyance framework that backings proficient nursing rehearse. Inside Primary Nursing, a helpful relationship is built up between an enlisted nurture and an individual patient and his or her family. Disease nursing and oncology is the field of pharmaceutical that is dedicated to growth. Clinical oncology comprises of three essential controls: Medical oncology, surgical oncology and radiation oncology. Comprehensively there are 345 global and national malignancy affiliations
This measurable studying report assesses that the overall pancreatic danger prescription business will be worth USD 1.2 billion by 2015. The overall oncology drugs business is required to accomplish at $111.9 billion by 2020. The report gives examination and assessments to the pancreatic sickness showcase from 2012-2018. Enrolling a compound yearly improvement rate of 14.60% from 2011 to 2018, the business for oncology bio markers was regarded at $13.16 billion in 2011 and is required to be worth $29.78 billion in 2018.
Track 2: Cardio Vascular Nursing
Cardiovascular medical caretakers watch over individuals with coronary illness and collaborate with their patient’s families. They may screen and treat intensely sick patients, or they may concentrate on cardiovascular recovery—helping patients roll out way of life improvements to keep the exacerbating of their malady. Most cardiovascular clinical medical attendant pros (CNSs) work in doctor's facilities. They administer to fundamentally sick patients, and in addition those recouping from heart systems, for example, sidestep, angioplasty, or pacemaker surgery.
Cardiovascular medical caretakers may likewise help patients recoup at home. These basic care attendants work with kids and grown-ups of any age, despite the fact that coronary illness by and large influences more established individuals. They may likewise fill in as a major aspect of a group under the bearing of a cardiologist.
Day by day duties Of Cardio Vascular Nurses
• Assessing and treating patients
• Providing postoperative care
• Monitoring stress test assessments
• Educating patients and their families
• Supporting persistent way of life changes
There is as of now an interest for cardiovascular clinical attendant authorities (CNS). As indicated by the U.S. Authority of labor Statistics' 2016-17 Occupational Outlook Handbook, enlisted nursing is relied upon to grow 16 percent through 2024, which is much quicker than normal. With the maturing of the populace and fast advances in heart mind innovation, openings in the field of cardiovascular nursing are developing exponentially.
Track 3: Clinical Nursing
Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) give guide care to patients in one of a scope of claims to fame, for example, pediatrics, geriatrics, crisis care and oncology. CNSs may likewise serve as advisors, helping other medicinal experts attempting to enhance understanding results and impact all levels of care. The National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS) depicts CNS claims to fame as far as populace, setting, sickness or medicinal sub specialty, sort of care, and kind of issue. This profession is ordered as a propel hone enrolled nurture (APRN) part since it requires graduate-level instruction and clinical preparing.
For the most part, there are far less experts working in APRN fields when contrasted with other nursing experts, for example, RNs. In 2013, there were 113,370 utilized medical caretaker experts to 2,661,890 enlisted attendants. This is because of the stringent prerequisites for APRNs, who need to win their RN permit, graduate degree, state licensure and national qualifications before picking up work. Still, the interest for CNSs is high. Anticipated occupation development for APRNs between 2012-22 is 31% (much quicker than the 19% development anticipated for RNs and the 11% normal for all positions).
Day by day Responsibilities
• Observes tolerant condition and analyses issues and sicknesses
• Orders medicinal tests and assesses comes about
• Treats infections, wounds, and in capacities connected with the territory of skill
• Advises attendants and other therapeutic staff individuals on patient care issues
• Promotes ailment anticipation and health
• Conducts research to further learning about the zone of strength
• Conducts physical exams
Adolescent Psychological and Mental Health
Open and Community Health
Track 4: Critical Care and Emergency Nursing
Critical care nurses are also known as ICU nurses. Critical care nursing is the field of nursing with a focus on the utmost care of the critically ill or unstable patients following extensive injury, surgery or life threatening diseases and critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation by way of endotracheal intubation or titratable vasoactive intravenous medications.
Critical care nurses in the U.S. are trained in advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), and many earn certification in acute and critical care nursing (CCRN) through the American Association of Critical Care Nurses
Critical care nurses can be found working in a wide variety of environments and specialties, such as general intensive care units, medical intensive care units, surgical intensive care units, trauma intensive care units, coronary care units, cardiothoracic intensive care units, burns unit, pediatrics and some trauma center emergency departments
The training for the use of the equipment such as hemodynamic and cardiac monitoring systems, mechanical ventilator therapy, intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABP), ventricular assist devices (LVAD and RVAD), continuous renal replacement equipment (CRRT/CVVHDF), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuits (ECMO) is provided through manufacturers and also with experienced operators.
Annual continuing education is required by most states in the U.S. and by many employers to ensure that all skills are kept up to date. Many intensive care unit management teams will send their nurses to conferences to ensure that the staff is kept up to the current state of this rapidly changing technology.
Track 5: Dental Nursing
Dental nurses are also known as dental hygienists in U.S. They work in dentists offices and they provide teeth cleaning services and preventative care education. The tasks dental hygienists perform vary by state but can include taking x-rays, applying sealants, administering anesthesia and removing sutures. Many hours spent standing or leaning over patients is often required. Some dentists tend to hire dental nurses or hygienists part-time, and many of these professionals who wish to work full-time may find employment in several different offices.
Requirements for this career include completing an accredited dental hygiene associate's degree or certificate program and obtaining licensure.
Key skills required for dental nurses are an attention to detail, good interpersonal skills, dexterity, compassion, and the ability to operate dental x-ray machinery and use dental instruments. Dental hygienists earned a median annual salary of in May 2015 of $72,330, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
It is estimated that there are approximately 26,000 to 29,000 dental assistants in USA and nearly 20,000 are registered with a provincial dental assisting association. Of those 20,000 dental assistants approximately 74% are certified / licensed, 99% are female and the average age is 38 years old.
Track 6: Disaster Nursing
The Goal of Disaster nursing is making certain that the very best accomplish able level of care is delivered through distinguishing, advocating, and caring for all wedged populations throughout all phases of a disaster event, together with active participation all told levels of disaster coming up with and state.
National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) uses disaster management assistance teams (DMATs) made up of professional and paraprofessional medical personnel to provide medical care in the event of a disaster or other emergency. These teams support the federal medical response to natural or manmade disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, transportation accidents, and terrorist attacks involving weapons of mass destruction.
A DMAT is a multidisciplinary rapid-response element that supplements local medical care until other resources can be mobilized or the situation is resolved. DMAT members deploy to disaster sites with enough supplies and equipment to sustain themselves for 72 hours while providing medical care to victims. Personnel are activated for 2 weeks, during which time they receive pay as part-time federal employees. Responsibilities might include triaging patients, providing care in adverse or austere environments, and preparing patients for evacuation. DMAT members are required to maintain appropriate certifications and licensure within their discipline and receive training to prepare them for deployment. When disaster victims are evacuated to a different locale, DMATs could be activated to support patient reception and disposition to local hospitals.
Track 7: Gerontological Nursing
Gerontological nursing is the specialty of nursing pertaining to older adults. Gerontological nurses work in collaboration with older adults, their families, and communities to support healthy aging, maximum functioning, and quality of life. The term Gerontological nursing, which replaced the term geriatric nursing in the 1970s, is seen as being more consistent with the specialty's broader focus on health and wellness, in addition to illness. Gerontological nursing is important to meet the health needs of an aging population. Due to longer life expectancy and declining fertility rates, the proportion of the population that is considered old is increasing. Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people in the world who are over age 60 is predicted increase from 605 million to 2 billion. The proportion of older adults is already high and continuing to increase in more developed countries. In 2010, seniors (aged 65 and older) made up 13% and 23% of the populations of the US and Japan, respectively. By 2050, these proportions will increase to 21% and 36%.
Track 8: Healthcare and Management
Health systems management or health care systems management describes the leadership and general management of hospitals, hospital networks, and/or health care systems. In international use, the term refers to management the least bit levels. Within the U. S., management of one establishment (e.g. a hospital) is additionally said as "medical and health services management”,” tending management", or "health administration”. Health systems management ensures that specific outcomes square measure earned, that departments at intervals a health center square measure running swimmingly, that the proper folks square measure within the right jobs that individuals understand what's expected of them, that resources square measure used expeditiously which all departments square measure operating towards a standard goal.
Track 9: Legal Nurse and Practitioner
A legal nurse consultant (LNC) is a registered nurse who uses expertise as a health care provider and specialized training to consult on medical-related legal cases. Legal nurse consultant assists attorneys in reading medical records and understanding medical terminology and healthcare issues to achieve the best results for their clients. The specialty is a relatively recent one, beginning in the mid-1980s.
A legal nurse consultant bridges gaps in an attorney's knowledge. While the attorney is an expert on legal issues, the Legal Nursing Consultants is an expert on nursing and the health care system. Legal Nursing Consultants screen cases for merit, assist with discovery; conduct the existing literature and medical research; review medical records; identify standards of care; prepare reports and summaries on the extent of injury or illness; create demonstrative evidence; and locate or act as expert witnesses. The legal nurse consultant acts as a specialized member of the litigation team whose professional contributions are often critical to achieving a fair and just outcome for all parties.
A legal nurse consultant differs from a paralegal in that a paralegal assists attorneys in the delivery of legal services and frequently requires a legal education, while a legal nurse consultant is first and foremost a practitioner of nursing, and legal education is not necessarily a prerequisite. A legal nurse consultant uses existing expertise as a health care professional to consult and educate clients on specific medical and nursing issues in their cases.
Aside from within law firms, Legal nurse practitioner may also be found working for government agencies, insurance companies and HMO's, in hospitals as part of the risk management department, and may also be in independent practice.
The American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants (AALNC), which was founded in 1989, is a non-profit membership organization whose mission is to promote legal nurse consulting as a nursing specialty. The Association also promulgates a Code of Ethics for the Legal Nurse Consultant practitioner. As of 2001, the Association had approximately 4,000 members, the majority of whom had joined after 1994.
Track 10: Mid-Wifery Nursing
In the United States, a certified nurse midwife (CNM) is an advanced practice registered nurse in nurse midwifery, the nursing care of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Certified nurse midwives are exceptionally recognized by the International Confederation of Midwives as a type of midwives in the United States
Certified nurse midwife function as primary healthcare providers for women and most often provide medical care for relatively healthy women, whose health and births are considered uncomplicated and not "high risk," as well as their neonates. Often, women with high risk pregnancies can receive the benefits of nurse midwifery care from a certified nurse midwife in collaboration with a physician. Certified nurse midwife may work closely or in collaboration, with an obstetrician & gynecologist, who provides consultation and/or assistance to patients who develop complications or have complex medical histories or disease(s).
Certified nurse midwife practice in hospitals and private practice medical clinics and may also deliver babies in birthing centers and attend at-home births. Some work with academic institutions as professors. They are able to prescribe medications, treatments, and medical devices, therapeutic and diagnostic measures. Certified nurse midwife are able to provide medical care to women from puberty through menopause, including care for their new born (neonatology), antepartum, and intrapartum, postpartum and nonsurgical gynecological care. In some cases, certified nurse midwife may also provide care to the male partner, in areas of sexually transmitted diseases and reproductive health, of their female patients. In the United States, less than 1% of nurse midwives are men.
Track 11: Travel Nursing
Travel nursing is a nursing assignment concept that developed in response to the nursing shortage. Reasons cited for pursuing travel nursing opportunities include higher pay, professional growth and development, and personal adventure recruitment agencies act as intermediaries between the traveler and hospitals. A travel nurse may receive a minimal orientation to the new hospital (and rarely no orientation at all). Travel nurses are expected to be very experienced and knowledgeable in the given specialty.
If the nurse's home state has joined the Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC), the nurse can work in any other compact state as long as the home state license is in good standing, and the permanent residence is in a compact state. This facilitates the license reciprocity process and potentially speeds up the time to employment. There are currently 25 states participating in NLC. These states include: - Idaho - Utah - Arizona - Colorado - New Mexico - Texas - North Dakota - South Dakota - Nebraska - Iowa - Missouri - Arkansas - Wisconsin - Mississippi - Kentucky - Tennessee - South Carolina - North Carolina - Virginia - Maryland - Delaware - Rhode Island - Maine – Montana.
Travelers typically work under a short-term contract. In the United States, these contracts typically range from 4 to 13 weeks, although 26-week assignments are also possible, and some travel nurses will accept back-to-back assignments from the same facility. Contracts outside of the U.S. can last 1–2 years. Frequently, a permanent position is offered by the hospital at the end of the contract. Travel nurses are paid by the travel nursing agency that placed them, which in turn is paid by the hospital. Variables that affect pay include the location of the assignment (vacation destinations tend to be more competitive and therefore able to find willing applicants for less), demand for the position, local cost of living and the type of nursing specialty being sought.
12: Nursing Education
The demand for nurse educators is high, because presently there is a shortfall of licensed nurse educators across the world. The maximum number of nurse educators work for 1 to 5 years in nursing universities and have customarily satisfied the prerequisites to end up a qualified nurse, winning a graduate in nursing, for the most part one that places an accentuation on nursing instruction. A nurse educator prepares licensed practical nurses and registered nurses for entry into clinical practice. They can also teach in various patient care settings to provide continuing nursing education to licensed nursing staff. Nurse Educators helps nursing students for Continuing Professional Development or Education.
Nurse Educators teaches for Master of Science in Nursing and Doctor of Nursing Practice levels, thereby prepare nursing students into nurses, nurse educators, nurse administrators, nurse researchers, and nursing leaders are drafted. Nurse instructors from around the nation uses motivational instructing systems that help nursing students to learn and prosper, whether in school, in office in-service programs or in the clinical setting. From the recent records, it was found that from nursing background about 1,534,400 Certified Nursing Assistant, 738,400 Licensed Practical Nurse, 2,711,500 Registered Nurse and 151,400 advanced practice registered nurse are practiced in USA.
13: Nursing Management
Nursing management consists of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision-making within organizations employing nurses. It includes processes common to all management like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. It is common for registered nurses to seek additional education to earn a Master of Science in Nursing or Doctor of Nursing Practice to prepare for leadership roles within nursing. Management positions increasingly require candidates to hold an advanced degree in nursing.
Track 14: Nursing Practice
The practice of nursing requires specialized knowledge, skill, and independent decision making. Nursing careers take widely divergent paths - practice focus varies by setting, by type of client, by different disease, therapeutic approach or level of rehabilitation. Moreover, nurses are mobile and sophisticated and work in a society that is changing and asymmetrical for consumers. The result is that the risk of harm is inherent in the provision of nursing care because nursing care poses a risk of harm to the public if practiced by professionals who are unprepared or incompetent, the state, through its police powers, is required to protect its citizens from harm. That protection is in the form of reasonable laws to regulate nursing.
More than 100 years ago, state governments enacted laws which protect the public’s health and welfare by overseeing and ensuring the safe practice of nursing. All states and territories have enacted a nurse practice act (NPA). Each state’s NPA is enacted by the state’s legislature. The NPA itself is insufficient to provide the necessary guidance for the nursing profession, therefore, each NPA establishes a board of nursing (BON) that has the authority to develop administrative rules or regulations to clarify or make the law more specific. Rules and regulations must be consistent with the NPA and cannot go beyond it. These rules and regulations undergo a process of public review before enactment. Once enacted, rules and regulations have the full force and effect of law.
Although the specificity of NPAs varies among states, all NPAs include:
the specificity of NPAs varies among states, all NPAs include:
Authority, power and composition of a board of nursing
Education program standards
Standards and scope of nursing practice
Types of titles and licenses
Requirements for licensure
Grounds for disciplinary action, other violations and possible remedies|
Why does a nurse need to know about the NPA?
The practice of nursing is a right granted by a state to protect those who need nursing care. The guidelines of the Nurse Practice Act (NPA) and its rules provide safe parameters within which to work, as well as protect patients from unprofessional and unsafe nursing practice. The act is a dynamic document that evolves and is updated or amended as changes in scope of practice occur. The laws of the nursing profession can only function properly if nurses know the current laws governing practice in their state. Ignorance of the law is never an excuse!
Track 15: Women Health Nursing
Women's health includes a wide range of specialties and focus areas, such as: Birth control, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and Gynecology, Breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and other female cancers, Mammography, Menopause and hormone therapy.
A women's health nurse practitioner (WHNP) is a nurse practitioner that specializes in continuing and comprehensive healthcare for women across the lifespan with emphasis on conditions unique to women from menarche through the remainder of their life cycle
WHNPs deliver a range of acute, chronic, and preventive healthcare services:
Performing a complete, system, or symptom-directed physical examinations on women, including obstetric and gynecologic conditions/needs that include, pregnancy, benign and malignant gynecologic conditions, contraception, sexually transmitted infections, infertility, per menopause/menopause/post menopause and other gender-specific illnesses.
Assessing, diagnosing, and treating disease risk factors specific to women.
Distinguishing female gender differences in presentation and progression of health problems and responses to pharmacological agents and other therapies.
Assessing social and physical environmental health risks, including teratogens, that impact child bearing.
Assessing for evidence of intimate partner violence, sexual abuse, and substance abuse.
Assessing, diagnosing, and treating issues related to sexuality.
Assessing parental behavior and skills and promotes smooth transition to role changes.
Assessing genetic risks and refers, as needed, for testing and counseling.
Collaborating with other health care providers for management or referral of high-risk pregnancies.
Providing management and education for women and men in need of family planning and fertility control.
Nurses have a duty to care for patients and are not at liberty to abandon them; however, nurses are challenged to thoughtfully analyse the balance of professional responsibility and risk, including moral obligations and options, in order to preserve the ethical mandates in situations of risk to the nurse or profession.
American Nurses Association
(ANA) believes that nurses are obligated to care for patients in a
non-discriminatory manner, with respect for all individuals. The American Nurses Association recognizes
there may be limits to the personal risk of harm nurses can be expected to accept
as an ethical duty. Harm includes emotional, psychological, physical or
spiritual harm even with the benefit of early recognition and guidelines for
prevention; it is the nature of health problems to raise questions for the nurse regarding personal risk
and responsibility for patient care.
Potential risks include: cytomegalovirus, hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome, the threat of bio terrorism agents, bubonic or pneumonic plague, smallpox, Ebola virus disease, other emerging infectious diseases, violence in the community and natural or man-made disasters.
Violent and combative behaviors of patients also pose dangers to the nurse. Catastrophic events can require nurses to evaluate their personal risk and responsibility for patients in unique and unimaginable situations. Workplace dilemmas may be present in a variety of settings, including acute and chronic care facilities, community clinics, home care, and schools, among others
For assistance in resolving questions about risk and responsibility, “nurses must engage in discernment, carefully assessing their intentions, reflectively weighing all possible options and rationales, and formulating clear moral justifications for their actions. Only in extreme emergencies and under exceptional conditions, whether due to forces of nature or to human action, may nurses subordinate human rights concerns to other considerations. This subordination may occur when there is both an increase in the number of ill, injured, or at risk patients and a decrease in access to customary resources and healthcare personnel.”
Nursing informatics is a branch of health informatics that combines the management and processing of nursing data and the continued education of nursing staff towards an automated health information system. According to the International Medical Informatics Association, “Nursing informatics is the integration of nursing, its information, and information management with information processing and communication technology, to support the health of people world-wide.”
Often overlooked, nursing informatics is an integral component of the struggle to convert medical institutions to a paperless system. Usually nurses have to take on the responsibility of training in IT without funding from their employers. It is necessary to educate and compromise with nursing staff to find a system that both meets their need and is comfortable for them to use. Nurses can be a powerful ally for implementing new technologies in the medical community because they have to communicate between doctors, patients and administration.
Importance of adoption:
The nursing profession is unique among healthcare professionals. Cross-communicating between administration, doctors and patient, they are in a situation to bridge the gap between the many areas of health care. “Nurses, because of the nature of their wok, have the rare opportunity to experience life in ways few have the privilege. They are present at birthing, birth, across the life span, in schools, homes, churches, neighborhood gatherings, work settings and again at death and dying." Nurses are involved in every aspect of healthcare, so to get their support of an IT system could be the turning point for healthcare IT.
Some benefits include:
Patient Charting: A patient’s vital signs, admission and nursing assessments, care plan and nursing notes can be entered into the system either as structured or free text. These are the stored in a central repository and retrieved when needed.
Staff Schedules: Nurse can self-schedule their shifts using scheduling rules provided in shift modules. The shifts can later be confirmed or changed by a scheduling coordinator or manager. Shift modules are designed to handle absences, overtime, staffing levels and cost-effective staffing.
Clinical Data Integration: Here clinical information from all the disciplines can be retrieved, viewed and analyzed by nursing staff and then integrated into a patient’s care plan.
Decision Support: They provide prompts and reminders, along with guides to disease linkages between signs/symptoms, etiologies/related factors and patient populations. Online access to medical resources can also be made available. (Nursing-Informatics for Students).
Track 18: Advanced Nursing
Advanced Practiced Registered Nursing (APRN) defines a level of nursing practice that utilizes extended and expanded skills, experience and knowledge in assessment, planning, implementation, diagnosis and evaluation of the care required. Nurses practicing at this level are educationally prepared at the post-graduate level and may work in either a specialist or generalist capacity. However, the basis of advanced practice is the high degree of knowledge, skill and experience that is applied within the nurse-patient/client relationship to achieve optimal outcomes through critical analysis, problem solving and evidence-based decision making.
Track 19:International Nursing
Some nurses choose to go abroad—traveling the world and taking care of patients in other countries, or aiding undeserved nations where learned and experienced professional nurses are in high demand. Like all nurses, these men and women are passionate in their desire to help others and are champions of the nursing profession.
The International Council
(ICN) is a federation of more than 130 national nurses
associations (NNAs), representing more than 16 million nurses
worldwide. Founded in 1899, ICN is the world’s first and widest reaching
international organization for health
professionals. Operated by nurses and
internationally, ICN works to ensure quality nursing care
for all, sound health policies globally, the advancement of nursing
knowledge, and the presence worldwide of a respected nursing
profession and a competent and satisfied nursing
Track 20:Public Nursing
is a nursing specialty focused on public health.
nurses (PHNs) "integrate community involvement and knowledge about the
entire population with personal, clinical understandings of the health and
illness experiences of individuals and families within the population." Public health
nursing in the United States traces back to a nurse named Lillian Wald who,
in 1893, established the Henry Street Settlement in New York City and coined
the expression "public health
Public health nurses work within communities and focus on different areas to improve the overall health of the people within that community. Some areas of employment for public health nurses are school districts, county or state health departments, and departments of correction. The public health nurse looks for areas of concern within the community and assesses and plans ways through which the concerns can be resolved or minimized. Some health concerns a public health nurse may work on are infection control, health maintenance, health coaching, as well as home care visits for welfare and to provide care to certain members of the community who may need it.
Track 21:Community Nursing
Rapid social and
economic growth in countries of the world has resulted in an increase both in
the number of elderly people who are prone to chronic and
degenerative diseases and new pattern of illness that are brought on by the social and
economic factors such
as occupational hazards, accidents,
and environmental poisonings caused
by air pollution,
noise and contaminated water. Communities are
struggling with a large number of people across the lifespan, who receive
minimal or no healthcare
because they cannot afford or access services. Moreover, public concerns
regarding quality, cost, access and fragmentation of healthcare
have contributed to a shift in care from the more traditional acute care
settings to the community. This has led to changes in nursing practice.
Nurses have always cared for individuals, families and communities in their practice. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of nurses working outside the hospital, primarily in community-based settings that focus on individuals and families. There is also increasing emphasis on community-focused nursing care with the community as the client. The population of ageing and chronically ill patients is increasing, and, coupled with the complex social conditions of today, has led to ill health, which increases hospital care expenses. Professional health services are not capable of meeting the ever-increasing demands of health care in this changing health culture.
Evidence suggests that increasing attention to healthy lifestyles andhealthy behaviors prevents health problems and reduces health risk and threats. Strengthening the community healthcare system based on primary health care is thus the focus of healthcare reform. Practically and preferably, professional nursing services focusing on providing health care and services to the entire community is an ideal solution to meeting the demands of community health care.
Track 22: Pediatric Nursing.
A Pediatric nurse is a nursing field which mainly works in the field of pediatrics. Pediatric nursing help provide health/medical care for young children from when they are born until they are teenagers. People seem to think children are just small adults, this could not be more wrong especially when it comes to the changes in their bodies and health. Because children’s bodies are still growing and developing they need different things than an adult body does. A healthy mind, a healthy body and proper healthcare is very important in children. By having regular check-ups for growth and development, and taking care of any illnesses or issues that arise, Pediatric nurses and doctors can help children grow up strong and healthy.
For anyone considering a career as a Pediatric nurse, should remember that it takes a certain type of person to be one. Pediatric nurses need to have great interpersonal skills, be able to communicate well with all different aged people and be happy and cheerful. Above this they should have a major interest in children and a solid understanding of the common health issues in children.
During the 1920-1970 periods it was found that children were traumatized by their hospital experiences. Nurse’s professionalism towards the children was taken as a lack of affection. By the end of the period Pediatric nursing did become more child and family orientated and began to present a more human face to the patients and family, making their time in the hospital more pleasant. A study of this period has showed that children whom are sick need comfort and they have emotional, social and psychological needs that should be met. Now nurses, and in fact all staff are trained in interpersonal skills and communicative skills with parents/family. Pediatric wards are warm, welcoming and open, the staff are polite, comforting and have a very wide knowledge on how to treat children patients.
The CPN (certified
Pediatric nurse) exam validates knowledge and expertise of Pediatric nurses
beyond basic RN licensure. Eligible Registered Nurses
may have a diploma, associate's degree, BSN, MSN, or higher nursing degree and
must have a minimum of 1800 hours of Pediatric nursing
experience. Over 20,000 nurses
actively hold CPN certification. All Pediatric nurses
begin their career by becoming registered nurses
(RN). Additional training specific to the care of children is then required.
Track 23: Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.
Psychiatric and mental health nursing is a specialty within nursing. Psychiatric mental health registered nurses work with individuals, families, groups, and communities, assessing their mental health needs. The PMHN develops a nursing diagnosis and plan of care, implements the nursing process, and evaluates it for effectiveness. Psychiatric Mental Health Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (PMH-APRNs) offer primary care services to the psychiatric-mental health population. PMH-APRNs assess, diagnose, and treat individuals and families with psychiatric disorders or the potential for such disorders using their full scope of therapeutic skills, including the prescription of medication and administration of psychotherapy. PMH-APRNs often own private practices and corporations as well as consult with groups, communities, legislators, and corporations.
Advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) earn masters or doctoral degrees in psychiatric-mental health nursing. APRNs apply the nursing process to assess, diagnose, and treat individuals or families with psychiatric disorders and identify risk factors for such disorders. They also contribute to policy development, quality improvement, practice evaluation, and healthcare reform. The practice of the psychiatric-mental health nurse (PMHN) as a Clinical Nurse Specialist or Nurse Practitioner is considered an advanced specialty in nursing. APRNs practice as Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) or Nurse Practitioners (NPs). The doctoral degree for the advanced clinical practice of psychiatric nursing is the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP). APRNs also earn additional degrees (PhD and EdD) which prepare them to work as professors, researchers, or administrators. PMH-APRN practice authority varies by state.
Track 24: Surgical Nursing.
A surgical nurse, also referred to as a theatre nurse, specializes in preoperative care which means they provide care to patients before, during and after surgery. Once you have completed your training to become and Registered Nurse or Enrolled Nurse, you then must complete extra training to become a theatre nurse. There are different specialty areas that theatre nurses can focus in; it just depends on which area they are interested in.
There are many different phasing during surgery where the theatre nurse is needed to support and assist the patient, surgeons, surgical technician, nurse anesthetists and nurse practitioners. Preoperative, the nurse must insure she helps to prepare the patient and operating room for the surgery. During the surgery, they must assist the anesthetist and surgeons when they are needed. The last phase is post-operative; the nurse must make sure they provide suitable care and treatments for the patients.
who want to become surgical
nurses attend nursing
school and specialize in surgical
nursing. They are often required to pass examinations administered by the
government or by nursing certification
boards before being allowed to work as nurses, and they may also be
expected to attend periodic continuing education classes so that they keep up
with developments in the nursing
Surgical nurses may practice in different types of surgery: