The extent of conditions that otolaryngologists diagnose, and treat are widely varied and can involve the whole face, lips, nose, ears, and neck. Facial plastic surgery is a component of otolaryngology which is divided into two categories cosmetic and reconstructive. Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed for patients with congenital anomalies, such as birthmarks on the face, cleft lip and palate, protruding ears, and a crooked smile. Other conditions like accidents, trauma, burns, or previous surgery are also corrected with this type of surgery. In addition, this procedure is required to treat existing diseases like skin cancer. Cosmetic facial plastic surgery is performed to improve visual appearance of the facial features and structures. Common procedures include eye lifts, rhinoplasty, facelifts, chin and cheek implants, liposuction, and procedures to correct facial wrinkles. An otolaryngologist surgeon is well trained to approach all of these problems.
- Reconstructive facial surgery and its complications
- Oral and maxillofacial surgery
- Less invasive cosmetic surgeries