Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City (the smallest country in the world) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
The entire city of Rome is a UNESCO World Heritage site. There may be a higher concentration of art and historical monuments in the center of Rome than in any place else in the world.
There are amazingly intact ruins from the time of the Roman Empire, like the Colosseum, the Forum and Palatine Hill, and Nero's Domus Aurea.
We are blessed in Rome to enjoy a pretty mild climate. This is one of the best reasons to visit Rome! You can come just about any time.
One of the most famous fountains in the world, the Trevi Fountain (above), is in Rome. But since Rome has access to so much water, and since popes in the Renaissance and Baroque periods tried to outdo each other building spectacular fountains all around Rome.
If you decide to use Rome as your base, you can easily visit Florence, Pompeii, Ostia Antica, Tivoli and many wineries, medieval hill towns (Orvieto, Assisi to name two), and beaches, most within 1.5 hours of Rome.