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Abstract

Recently, scientific community dedicated to the development of sustainable agricultural techniques have focused their attention and concern towards the application of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), since the use of metal oxide nanoparticles could result in their accumulation in soil, threatening higher terrestrial plants. ENPs are able to interact with biomolecules, creating functional nanosystems for transportation within cells, and leading to the study of their potential applications in the field of Plant Biotechnology. On the other hand, the physical and chemical features of carbon nanomaterials such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCN) and graphite oxide (GO) NPs, had been used to promote plant’s growth, and seeds germination. Therefore, this report focus on the application of copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs), iron oxide (Fe2O3 NPs), MWCN and GO NPs, to seeds and plants of Solanum lycopersicum, Capsicum annuum, Cucumis melo and Rhapanus sativus, to evaluate germination and plant growth characteristics. Imbibition of tomato seeds in Cu NPs significantly improved germination (14.3%), seedlings vigour (69%), plumule and radicle length increased by 20% and 95% respectively compared to control. In pepper seeds, Cu NPs also promoted vigour (118%) and seeds germination (10.2%); improved seedlings growth was reflected by longer plumule and radicle length (8% and 15% correspondingly). For C. melo Fe2O3 NPs also enhanced vigor (30%), germination (16.5%), plumule and radicle length by 20% and 95% respectively compared to control plants. On R. sativus MWCN and GO NPs reduced plants growth and vegetative development, suggesting a phytotoxic effect by these carbon NPs.

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Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org

Cancellation Policy

If  Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.

Postponement

If Allied Academies Ltd postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.

Transfer of registration

All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org. Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.
The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.

Visa Information

Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied Academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied Academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy:

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-
  • Before 60 days of the conference: Eligible for Full Refund less $150 service Fee
  • Within 60-46 days of Conference: Eligible for 40% of payment Refund
  • Within 45 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund

Accommodation Cancellation Policy:

Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies Ltd will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.


Authorization Policy

Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org

Cancellation Policy

If  Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.

Postponement

If Allied Academies Ltd postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.

Transfer of registration

All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org. Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.
The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.

Visa Information

Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied Academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied Academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy:

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-
  • Before 60 days of the conference: Eligible for Full Refund less $150 service Fee
  • Within 60-30 days of Conference: Eligible for 40% of payment Refund
  • Within 45 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund

Accommodation Cancellation Policy:

Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies Ltd will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.

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