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Speaker
Craig Russell
Energy Research Institute (ERI), United Kingdom
Biography

Dr. Craig Russell always had a strong interest in science and in particular human biology, health and disease and the associated interventions. His undergraduate degree in Human Biology mapped onto this interest and included molecular and cellular biology, biochemistry and physiology modules among others, which would carry relevance in the physiology and pharmacology setting he progressed into. He further developed his knowledge and bolstered his interest in these fields during his PhD. During this period, formulation of oral liquid antihypertensives formed the initial stages of my project; here an understanding of the chemical and physical properties of drug molecules as well as drug action on a molecular level in a physiological setting was essential. In vitro and In vivo characterisation of developed formulations utilising cell and rodent based models paved the way for subsequent genomic investigations into intestinal transporter expression profiling using microarray technology and bioinformatics. Cell culture played a key role during a spin off project which he have been developing in parallel with the main path of research which has seen the isolation and characterisation of a novel primary cell line aimed at delineation of gustatory sensation.

Abstract

Microarrays are powerful tools utilised in genomics allowing high throughput analysis of mRNA abundance. They have found application in many areas of drug discovery and development including comparative assessment of normal and diseased state tissues, transcription and expression profiling, side-effect profiling, pharmacogenomics and identification of biomarkers. In this application they were utilised to examine Caco-2 cells used in transport studies, investigating potential correlations between expression flux of genes coding for transpoter proteins known to interact with model drugs, and in vitro and in vivo permeability of the drugs, with a view towards developing a tool for predicting drug bioavailability early in the drug development pipeline. Lisinopril, Ramipril and Spironolactone formulations developed in house were used as model formulations. In vitro and in vivo uptake data was gathered for each formulation and focus was on genes coding transporters ABCB1, SLC15A1, SLC15A2, ABCC2 and SLCO1A2 following microarray analysis. Shortlisted genes of interest, all exhibited non-significant flux in expression levels in Caco-2 following analysis after transport studies using model formulations. There were however numerous SLC and ABC genes for which the expression had changed significantly. These were subsequently investigated using the Koyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) to identify their function and seek clarity about the findings. Athough no clear cut revelations were derived from this study, the data strongly suggested that further research is warranted in this area, where future work intends to utilise a much larger formulation repertoire in conjunction with novel computational approaches currently in development to illucidate trends.

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All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org

Cancellation Policy

If  Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.

Postponement

If Allied Academies Ltd postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.

Transfer of registration

All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org. Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.
The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.

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Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied Academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied Academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy:

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-
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  • Within 45 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund

Accommodation Cancellation Policy:

Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies Ltd will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.


Authorization Policy

Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org

Cancellation Policy

If  Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.

Postponement

If Allied Academies Ltd postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Allied Academies event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.

Transfer of registration

All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to biotechnology@alliedconferences.org. Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.
The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.

Visa Information

Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied Academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied Academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy:

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-
  • Before 60 days of the conference: Eligible for Full Refund less $150 service Fee
  • Within 60-30 days of Conference: Eligible for 40% of payment Refund
  • Within 45 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund

Accommodation Cancellation Policy:

Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies Ltd will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.

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